We’ve spoken about canine brucellosis [broo-cell-Ō-sus] before, but there’s still more to learn about this serious infection.
Brucellosis is a leading cause of infertility in breeding dogs, both female and male. Although a classic sign of brucellosis is abortion, males can develop testicular infections and inflammation of the prostate gland. In either sex, the infection can spread to many other tissues, including the eyes, spine, liver and lymph nodes.
It’s crucial to test male and female dogs for brucellosis before they’re bred. Blood tests can detect anti-Brucella [broo-CELL-ah] antibodies, which indicate exposure. An even more precise test can identify the DNA of Brucella bacteria themselves.
Brucellosis is very difficult to treat, and because it can be transmitted to people, it’s crucial to identify and quarantine affected dogs.